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子宫肌瘤的类型-子宫肌瘤的原因_子宫肌瘤的治疗方法_子宫肌瘤的症状_超声消融_99子宫网
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子宫肌瘤的类型

作者:admin        来源:99子宫网        发布日期:2010-11-10        访问量:11637
导读:子宫肌瘤90%以上生长于子宫体部,仅少数(4~8%)发生于子宫颈,且多在后唇。在体部者,多长于子宫底,后壁次之,位于前壁者比后壁少一半,而以两侧者最少。就肌瘤的类型而言,以壁间肌瘤最多,浆膜下肌瘤次之,粘膜下肌瘤比较少见。

       子宫肌瘤90%以上生长于子宫体部,仅少数(4~8%)发生于子宫颈,且多在后唇。在体部者,多长于子宫底,后壁次之,位于前壁者比后壁少一半,而以两侧者最少。就子宫肌瘤的类型而言,以壁间子宫肌瘤最多,浆膜下子宫肌瘤次之,粘膜下子宫肌瘤比较少见。

       子宫肌瘤可根据其生长方式,可分为六类:

子宫肌瘤类型分类

 

       1、肌壁间子宫肌瘤:子宫肌瘤开始均从肌层发生,倘若子宫肌瘤一直位于肌层,则称为“壁间子宫肌瘤”或“间质子宫肌瘤”最为多见。壁间子宫肌瘤常为多发,数目不定,往往有一个或数个较大的,有时可为极多小瘤结节,分布全部子宫壁,呈不规则团块状融合,构成多发性子宫肌瘤。因而此型最为多见,约占60%~70%。

       2、浆膜下子宫肌瘤:子宫肌瘤若向子宫体表面突出,其上由一层腹膜覆盖(没有包膜),称为“浆膜下子宫肌瘤”。约占20%~30%。此型多由于子宫肌层的收缩,把靠近子宫浆膜层的肌壁间子宫肌瘤挤向子宫表面,子宫肌瘤的外层仅由浆膜层覆盖。

       3、带蒂浆膜下子宫肌瘤:当浆膜下子宫肌瘤进一步生长,瘤体逐渐长向宫腔外面,可形成带蒂浆膜下子宫肌瘤。此类型较为少见约占1.5%。由于带蒂浆膜下子宫肌瘤如行栓塞治疗,瘤体会脱落于盆腔内,造成盆腔感染。故此型子宫肌瘤不适于行介入栓塞治疗。一般通过B超检查能进行鉴别。 

       4、粘膜下子宫肌瘤:子宫肌瘤在生长发展过程中,常向阻力较小的方向发展。当其突向子宫腔后,其表面仅覆盖一层子宫内膜,称为“粘膜下子宫肌瘤”,多单发,子宫肌瘤向粘膜方向生长,凸向子宫腔,表面仅由粘膜层履盖,约占10%。 

       5、带蒂粘膜下子宫肌瘤:粘膜下子宫肌瘤由于本身重量关系,逐渐向宫腔内生长,形成一细蒂连于子宫肌层,因子宫肌瘤在子宫腔内形成异物,刺激子宫腔,造成子宫收缩,因而常被挤出子宫颈而进入阴道。粘膜下子宫肌瘤由于瘤蒂血运较差,并常伸入阴道内,故易感染,坏死、出血。

       6.其它类;子宫肌瘤发生于子宫体侧壁向阔韧带两叶腹膜之间伸展者,称为“阔韧带子宫肌瘤”。但还有一种阔韧带子宫肌瘤,系由阔韧带中子宫旁平滑肌纤维生长而成,与子宫壁完全无关。阔韧带子宫肌瘤在其增长发展过程中常使盆腔器官、血管等发生位置与形态改变,尤其是输尿管变位,造成手术治疗上的困难。

 

相关链接:

子宫肌瘤的症状与位置

子宫肌瘤的概况

子宫肌瘤的发病原因

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