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自查宫颈肌瘤的三大方法

作者:admin        来源:99子宫网        发布日期:2011-02-15        访问量:9720
导读:子宫肌瘤已成为女性生殖系统最常见的一种良性肿瘤,宫颈肌瘤是子宫肌瘤的特殊类型,自查宫颈肌瘤有以下三大方法。


                                         自查宫颈肌瘤的三大方法

       子宫肌瘤已成为女性生殖系统最常见的一种良性肿瘤。高发对象为30-50岁的女性,35岁以上女性20%有子宫肌瘤,20岁以下女性较少见,但是子宫肌瘤的患者还是越来越年轻化。
       99子宫网温馨提醒:目前避免子宫肌瘤的发生较为困难,对于未婚无性生活的女性,20岁后每年一次的B超检查、妇科检查是十分必要的。
       宫颈肌瘤是子宫肌瘤的特殊类型,发生率约占子宫肌瘤的2.2%-8%。宫颈肌瘤生长部位低,或长入腹膜下或阔韧带内,紧靠周围血管、输尿管及其他盆腔脏器,血供丰富,使周围脏器移位,扰乱正常解剖,增加手术难度和并发症的发生率。
       宫颈肌瘤按其生长部位可以分为四种类型:前壁宫颈肌瘤,后壁宫颈肌瘤,侧壁及悬垂型(黏膜下宫颈肌瘤),亦可多方向生长。
       宫颈肌瘤比较少见,多为单发宫颈肌瘤、多发宫颈肌瘤生在宫颈后唇,也有发生在前唇或侧方者。宫颈肌瘤的手术方式,依据子宫肌瘤的大小、子宫肌瘤的生长部位及子宫肌瘤患者对生育的要求等因素决定。
       宫颈肌瘤主要为月经不规则,经血量增多,白带增多或膀胱、直肠症状。部分患者无症状。妇科检验可发现宫颈局部有突出子宫肌瘤结节或子宫颈外形发生变动,子宫肌瘤所在一侧宫颈扩充,而对侧被压变薄,宫颈外口伸张展平呈麻花形。
       自我检查宫颈肌瘤的三大方法:
       1、腹部疼痛
       下腹部、腰背部或骶尾部等疼痛,都要引起注意。因为有时候,疼痛就是肿瘤的自我暴露,肿瘤压迫组织,牵拉,发生蒂扭转、破裂或变性等,都会引起腹部疼痛。
       2、留心异常出血
       如果有宫颈或子宫疾病的话,像子宫肌瘤、宫颈糜烂,常常会有月经增多、绝经后出血或接触性出血等,所以,除正常月经以外的出血,都要究其原因,及时检查清楚,以便应对治疗。
       3、观察白带
       正常白带是少量略显黏稠的透明色、蛋清样分泌物,在排卵期前后四五天比较多,没有异味,随着月经周期会有轻微变化,但如果是异常白带,脓性、血性、水样白带等都是不正常的。通常异常白带还会伴有异味,是比较容易发现的,很多妇科疾病都会引起异常白带,女性平时白带如果有异常现象,切不可大意,要立即去医院检查就诊。

       99子宫网小编推荐阅读:
       子宫颈肌瘤会影响生育吗? 
      
专家教您如何自测子宫肌瘤

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