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子宫内膜炎的传播途径-子宫肌瘤的原因_子宫肌瘤的治疗方法_子宫肌瘤的症状_超声消融_99子宫网
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子宫内膜炎的传播途径

作者:chimon        来源:99子宫网        发布日期:2012-04-26        访问量:3931
导读:女性阴道呈酸性环境,宫颈有粘液栓,这是人体的生理屏障,可以抵御细菌的侵入。但是,在特殊情况下,如经期,分娩,流产后及各种宫腔操作时,这种屏障作用减弱甚至消失,易引起细菌的侵入,造成子宫内膜炎。

子宫内膜炎的传播途径

 

       子宫内膜炎的感染可以由性传播性疾病引起,但有时也可以没有明显的诱因。


       主要为细菌感染,感染细菌的种类有:葡萄球菌、大肠杆菌、链球菌、厌氧菌,此外还有淋菌。此外还有支原体等病原体感染。


       按照感染的致病菌可以分为结核性和非结核性两种。


       结核性子宫内膜炎是由于结核杆菌感染引起的,多继发于输卵管结核。


       非结核性子宫内膜炎较为多见,由一般病原菌感染引起,常见于月经期、流产及分娩后:如分娩时胎盘和胎膜残留、月经期性交、长期子宫出血、不完全性流产感染、消毒不严的妇科检查、子宫腔内操作如人工流产及各种阴道式手术的上行感染、子宫颈炎、阴道炎的上行感染、子宫内膜息肉或黏膜下肌瘤坏死引起的感染。


       子宫内膜炎是由于细菌沿阴道,宫颈上行或沿输卵管下行以及经淋巴系统到达子宫内膜所引起的。多数为从阴道,宫颈上行引起。


       在正常情况下,女性阴道呈酸性环境,宫颈有粘液栓,这是人体的生理屏障,可以抵御细菌的侵入。但是,在特殊情况下,如经期,分娩,流产后及各种宫腔操作时,这种屏障作用减弱甚至消失,易引起细菌的侵入,造成子宫内膜炎。


       另外,不注意个人卫生,经期性交及与患有性病的异性性交,也易发生此病,老年妇女由于体内雌激素下降,阴道内酸度下降及宫颈粘液栓减少,易出现老年性阴道炎,并进一步发展为子宫内膜炎。

 

       推荐阅读:

       子宫内膜炎的三大并发症

       子宫内膜炎的预防和保健

       子宫内膜炎和子宫肌炎的区别

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